What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is best described as a combination of abilities and difficulties which affect the learning process in one or more of reading, spelling, writing and sometimes numeracy/language.

Accompanying weaknesses may be identified in areas of speed of processing, short-term memory, sequencing, auditory perception, visual perception, spoken language and fine or gross motor skills.

Some dyslexic people have outstanding creative skills, others have strong oral skills. Whilst others have no outstanding talents, they can still have dyslexia.

Dyslexia occurs despite normal intellectual ability and conventional teaching. It is independent of socio-economic or language background.

What are the signs of dyslexia?

A person is dyslexic if he or she has persistent and severe problems with reading and/or writing, for example, if it takes a long time to read a newspaper or book, complete tax or application forms or other materials. Dyslexia can also mean having trouble getting thoughts down on paper and yet having no trouble at all with any other skilled aspect of life. Other characteristics may include short-term memory problems, difficulty with organising, structuring and sequencing and a short attention span.

What should I do if I think that I am dyslexic?

You should definitely do something about it. Remember you are not alone if you experience any of these difficulties. Try the questions on the “test yourself” section below. Feel free to contact us for advice. For children it is best to identify dyslexia as early as possible.

Test yourself

For adults:

For children:

If you have ticked 2 or more, particularly the problems relating to reading, spelling or writing, you should really consider getting in touch with us. We can offer screening, a detailed diagnosis, and support: See the assessment and support pages for the general public.